All diseases that cause joint pain are grouped under a single name: rheumatism. Although this group includes a variety of diseases, there are two predominant characteristics for all of them: pain and stiffness in the joints.
We frequently hear about rheumatism occurring in the elderly. However, children and young adults can also be affected by some form of them. We will be speaking about inflammatory rheumatism like arthritis, for example.
The most common type of rheumatism is the inflammatory one. These diseases can affect people of all ages, even children. The most common diseases associated with this type of rheumatism are rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.
The elderly are generally more affected by degenerative rheumatism related to aging. The two most common conditions are osteoarthritis and osteoporosis.
There are also other less common forms of rheumatism, especially those of infectious origin, such as septic arthritis and rheumatism caused by metabolic processes, which the most common form is gout.
The causes of rheumatism, especially those of rheumatoid arthritis are not well known. However, these symptoms are caused by an inflammatory reaction. Despite the fact that there are several forms of diseases in the rheumatism family, the symptoms are often similar: pain, swelling and stiffness in the affected joint. Those symptoms, however, may vary depending on the mechanism involved. The peak periods or when symptoms appear may also be variable depending on the form of the disease.
Some factors of rheumatism cannot be avoided. This is the case for genetic factors where the person is at greater risk because he is genetically predisposed to have rheumatism. This is also the case for people with a congenital problem with joints.
Smoking for many years increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis and makes symptoms worse.
People who play a violent sport, who have a job involving repetitive movements or who are exposed to increase joint fatigue are more likely to have rheumatism.
In people suffering from obesity or being overweight, the joints of the hip and knees may be more affected as they have to support significant weight.
Like any other joint disease, physical exercise is very important for maintaining the body's flexibility and reducing pain. However, one should listen to his body and not overdo it. The important thing is to focus on a good balance that will keep the body healthy.
Orally, it is suggested to take some painkillers or anti-inflammatory. You can also apply a topical cream on the affected area.